Academic Entrepreneurship: Challenges facing South Africa

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Grundling, J.P. and Steynberg, L. (2008) Academic Entrepreneurship: Challenges facing South Africa. In: The 16th Annual High Technology Small Firms Conference : May 22-23, 2008 + May 21 Doctoral Workshop, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands., 22 May 2008 - 23 May 2008, Enschede, The Netherlands .

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Event: The 16th Annual High Technology Small Firms Conference : May 22-23, 2008 + May 21 Doctoral Workshop, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands., 22 May 2008 - 23 May 2008, Enschede, The Netherlands
Abstract:Academic entrepreneurship in general implies ipso facto the involvement of academic staff in commercial activities in a system that builds on university-industry relations. In this relationship it is expected from industry to acquire knowledge from institutions of higher education and to utilize this knowledge in the innovation process. On the other hand, academic entrepreneurship also occurs within the national boundaries of a specific country possessing a distinct history and culture. In the case of South Africa, the entrepreneurial culture was build over more than three centuries, 1652 to 1994, on an institutionalized political system of racial segregation. True democracy was only achieved in April 1994 when South Africans saw the first-ever democratic vote and election in South Africa. This paper intends to analyze and evaluate the challenges of academic entrepreneurship for institutions of higher education in South Africa following a historical and survey research design approach. The results revealed that higher education institutions in South Africa, despite remarkable achievements, are still struggling to comply with the demands of the knowledge economy and in the enhancement of academic entrepreneurship.
Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/proceedings/108
Organisation URL:http://www.utwente.nl/bms/nikos/
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